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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  July 22, 2011 7:00am-7:30am EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >aobtoor globobal expertise to work for a wide range of companies.
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what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> sow moy's militia denies that there's a family inin the country and refuses to lift a band for foreign aid agencies. >> it says the united nations is exaggerating the severity of the drought saying it is sheer propaganda. welcome to g.m.t. also in the program, the debt crisis. now it's crunch time for washington as debt talks enter a crucial phase.
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jazz with a pakistani twist. local musicians revive their art with a new orchestra. it's midday here in london. 7:00 a.m. in washington and 2:00 p.m. in somalia. that's where the militant group denies that there is a family inin the country. they say the u.n. is exaggerating the drought severity for political reasons, therefore aid restrictions will remain in place. still the u.n. is saying it will work where it's feasible. >> thousands fleeing somalia. i must warn you, you may find this report from our correspondent distressing. >> they fled from southern somalia where they claim there is no famine, that the u.n.'s
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declaration of one is political. a baby's body lies next to those still fighting. still fighting for their lives. the crude measure of this humanitarian crisis. the combination of war and drought have created a devastating emergency. the capital mowing did issue is not safe. but it's still a magnet for people in need. >> this is habiba. she is 8 years old and taking care five children. the father and mother died because of disease. >> al sha bad which has links to al qaeda controls the area where somalis are now starving
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to death. it's now made clear it will continue to control the activity of aid agencies. >> the agencies we banned before are still banned. some of those we banned were involved in political activity. others were destroying the lives of our people. we had to ban them, too. the biggest problem lies with the united nation. the last report says there's family inin somalia. we say it's baseless and sheer propaganda. >> it's very good. >> so the u.n. and international community face a mammoth challenge. >> it's very dangerous and risky, but we have to reach people. they are not making it all the way here to mowing did issue. these are the ones lucky enough to make it here, and these feeding centers are overrun. >> in north eastern kenya, they now need food aid simply to
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survive. but it's the conflict in somalia that's created famine and the worst drought in this area in decades. >> we take a look at some of the other stories making headlines around the world. in china where more than 40 people have been killed. an overloaded bus burst into flames. it's not clear what caused the explosion. many passengers were asleep at the time. six managed to escape. the bus was designed to carry just 35 people. and authorities are extra detroiting hadzic. he's the last fugitive indicted for war crimes. the war-time leader was arrested on wednesday after seven years on the run. and strongly condemning a new
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anti-terrorism law drawn up by the saudis who says will criminalize things making questioning the integrity of the king or crown prince an offense punishable by a minimum of 10 years in prison. after the report earlier on the family inand drought hitting somalia and the people there. we're joined by cambridge who is with a group that has been working in somalia for 20 years. al sha bad has denied there's a family in. does this surprise you? >> not particularly. those on the move in somalia and in 1992 when they did have a family in, they waited in their rural villages hoping
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food and supplies would come to them and many died. so i think it's natural those people are going to be on the move, fearing the family in. and it's imminent even if it isn't current. >> your organization has been there for 25 years if not more. since 1985. >> that's right. >> is the situation worse now? how are people dealing with this crisis? >> i think it is worse. it's far more difficult obviously to get supplies to people. and the numbers of people entering the town is staggering. we were talking about thousands of people walking into the town every day and arriving at the refugee camps. when you've got that sort of number coming all at once, it's quite impossible to try to feed them all and treat them with medical aid, so we're trying to knock late children who have
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never been immunized against diseases. children, we found, are dying from diseases from which they shouldn't be dying from. they are dying from things like diarya. those are the sort of things we can do, but it's far more difficult because of the sheer numbers. >> give me an idea of the numbers you're seeing. >> the camps under the control of al sha bad currently have between 40,000 and 48,000 people. some of the camps were set up in march, and now people in march when they went there found 2,000-3,000 people. so you can imagine the numbers that have flooded in there since then. >> what do you mean when it comes to terms of support? >> from the public or people on the ground? >> people on the ground. >> we need the political ability to get into these places. last weekend thanks to al sha bod we did an assessment of
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what was going on in those two refugee camps. they allowed us to go in and i think it's because of the relationship we managed to build up since being in the country since 1985. not every organization unfortunately has been given that permission as you probably read in recent times. but as a result of having that cooperation, we're able to get in and supply food, medical supplies. when we went there last weekend, we found 40,000 people, there was only 20 toilets and one running water supply. things are getting a little bit better now, but that's the sort of thing we need to get into. to try to make that sort of thing happen. >> thank you very much. thank you for joining me and giving us your view. >> now talks to avoid an unprecedented u.s. debt
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default. the president and others are still debating. the white house initially set friday as the deadline for the target. the deadline target for a deal that should leave it enough time to get it through the legislative process. joining me now from washington is daniel the former white house international scommick advisor to president george w. bush. daniel, there seems to be some momentum for a deal but nothing has been agreed yet. are you confident something will be greed to by the august 2 deadline? >> i am confident. i don't know what will be agreed. there are a number of competing plans. there is the house-passed cut, cap, and balance act the senate takes up today. there's a proposal from the so-called gang of six. six bipartisan senators.
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there's the so-called plan b or fallback plan endorsed by the leadership of the senate, senator mcconnell and senator reid, and then of course we've heard discussions yesterday and this morning about continuing talks between president obama and house speaker boehner. but i will say this. there's in my view, zero chance that the united states will in fact default. >> the -- >> the united states does not break its word. does not break its bond. >> so therefore the assumption the postturing going on is not about economic principle but down to political disagreements and that seems rather ir130b8. -- irresponsible. >> i see it somewhat differently. i think the debt ceiling issue is really a sur bat for the broader policy debate about the size and role of government.
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but i agree with you to this extent. the debt ceiling issue should not be held hostage so to speak to this broader political and policy debate that is largely what the 2012 election will be about. >> your concerns are if an agreement wasn't reached there would be a fallout. is there any chance a fallout for certain institutions are going to be affected even if a deal is made? >> i think that's unlikely. we've heard discussions from some of the rating agencies that whether or not a deal is reached, there's still a risk of a downgrade of u.s. debt. were that to happen, it would certainly have repercussions. but i think a deal will be reached on the debt ceiling and then the broader discussion about how to tackle the structural longer-term deficit of the united states will come
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into the floor in connection with the 2012 presidential campaign. >> i hope you're right. thank you very much for speaking with me today. >> thank you. >> still to come on g.m.t., we bring you pakistan's new jazz-playing orchestra. also a one-time presidential challenger. questioning him on bribery allegations. the heatwave across the central and eastern parts of the united states is being blamed for causing more than 20 deaths. the temperatures rising to 43 degrees centigrade. further deaths are forecasted with predictions temperatures will not fall until sunday at the earliest. >> a sweltering heat we have a is spreading across the united states, and millions are struggling to stay cool. punishing conditions have
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spread from southern areas to the east coast. >> tonight on world news, the hidden dangers. >> the heat is making american headlines. the national weather service has issued warnings to areas affecting for man half the population. despite thi soaring temperatures have the tragic consequences. >> in my secure they, two women died in their 70's and 30 peep have died. in big cities, cooling centers have been set up to provide emergency relief. >> i sat outside a few minutes ago, and already i'm extremely uncomfortable. a huge open-air sauna, and it's already late in the day. that's ok for people working in all these air-conditioned offices, but for those who have outside jobs, the conditions
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are almost unbearable. >> it's hot out. the humidity is what kills you. all you can do is try to stay hydrated and keep an eye on each other and try to make it. >> more than 700 people died over a five-day period. that was in history. there are concerns about more fatalities with temperatures not expected to drop until sunday. >> hello, this is g.m.t. on "bbc news." the headlines this hour, the president denies there's a family inin somalia and says the aid bans will remain enforced. >> a crucial phase with the president and top lawmakers struggling to agree on a deal. in washington.
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time now for the business news. we've had a positive reaction. >> we have for now. for now. that's the key. they are the key words, and i think we got more than we were expecting from that summit meeting. but it hasn't gone away. the ratings agencies says it will put a default rating on the greece government bonds because banks shared the burden of helping greece. responding positively to the agreement of the second bailout package. the country will get another $159 billion euros. from the countries the i.m.f. and private sources. in addition interest rates will be cut and repayment terms have eased. managing director of redefine, an international think tank gave me his reaction to the new deal. >> but if you were a financial market actor in exposure to portugal or ireland or greece,
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then it's great for you, because what this deal is primarily about is this whole discussion on private sector default has been cosmetic. and the bigger problem remains, however, that this has done very little to increase the sustain about of greek debt. because it will continue to be above 150% and so this fundamental issue that has been driving the headlines, which is that greek debt is not sustainable, remains unaddressed. this will continue after a paws, i believe, to come back and make headlines. so we haven't heard the last of the euro crisis. so the markets just as they have reacted pessimistically over discussions will remain
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that way now. >> so let's talk about some corporate numbers because tong-tong which is europe's largest maker of navigational devices has reported a loss. but the rise of smartphones apparently taking its told on the likes of nokia and others. we have this report. >> smartphones are not only taking the mobile hand set by storm. they are also now muscling in on the satellite navigational area. many offer free turn-by-turn navigation and they can use a mapping route using any number of web-based programs. >> from our research, we're seeing a 38% growth year on
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year for users of tom-tom service. we've got so way to go before catching up with google who we see have some 7 million users here in the u.k. but i think it's an area to-tom appears to be growing rapidly. >> tom-tom, rival to the u.s.'s garmin has been rapidly turning around. even if the smartphone solutions are less polished, the advantage is many people already own one. tom-tom expects the north american market to shrink by 30% this year and the european market is expected to be down by 10%. at the same time the sales of smartphones are up by 15% in one quarter. by 2013, it's expected mart phones are going to be the most widely used navigational
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device. >> tom-tom is focusing on deals with car makers to build its technology into vehicle dashboards, but it's been struggling to expand its map fast enough to outdo the flag ship navigational devices. >> this is what asia did all on the back of that rescue package giving basically the euro zone a bit of breathing room space and as the experts tell us, we will return to those problems that continue to face the euro zone. >> without a doubt. always a pleasure. now the former presidential candidate is facing the organization's ethics committee in zurich. it's alleged the man from qatar and who was the head of football in asia was involved in bribing and football
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officials involving tens of thousands of dollars. david, he is supposed to appear today. will he? >> very good question. we still don't know if he's turned up, and there have been reports he hasn't even traveled to zurich. but in the last hour he has issued a new statement and already seems to be conceding he won't win. he said if we believe only press statements made all on what of different fifa officials, then despite the weakness of the case against me, i'm not confident the hearing will be conducted in the manner any of us will like. it's likely fifa already made its decision weeks ago. so he seems to be conceding there's not a point to turn up because already he's been found guilty of bribing officials. >> what would be the punishment? >> there's a range of punishments from the fifa, but
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the most severe would be a ban from all football posts for life. that wouldn't just be as vice president or executive but in the federation where he was the president before. >> david, thank you very much. let's go to pakistan where a new orchestra is causing a stir in the jazz world. the country's classical musicians have faced years of tough times but are enjoying something of a revival with its first jazz album. we report. >> the jazz classic but now with a pakistani twist. it's causing something of a buzz. ♪ >> this unique rendition of dave are you beck's "take five"
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on a traditional instrument is just part of what this unlikely orchestra has achieved. its groundbreaking interpretations have injected new life into what's happened here. until recently this man had to abandoned the music he was so passionate about just to make a living. for years, instead of playing his beloved which he willo, he was -- tea in the old city. but now he has somewhere to show case -- to showcase his talents. here they are trying out new material. it is a dream for these veteran musicians to collaborate and innovate like this. until the 1980's when he had been involved in providing
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music for film. the industry all but died. with it, classical music here went into rapid deadline -- decline. it was a revival inspired. >> you have a set of -- with the assistance of the bureau in london. >> he is the man who made it happen. a jazz lover, but also someone who had been determined to give a world class home to pakistan's musicians. >> when i started, there were very few of them practicing music there. i was devastated. they were devastated and eking out a living. this is the first seed that has been -- that has come to fruition. >> their work's been varied, but it's their adaptation of jazz that really caught the
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imagination. while all of the members of this orchestra are from modest backgrounds, very few have had formal training. and they recorded this song. every time -- [inaudible] which are really quite magical. but not without a few hiccups along the way. they are expairmenting, after all. but the problems all get ironed out by the time they file into their state of the art studios. the orchestra's already recorded one album and is working on a second. >> if we carry on like this, we'll achieve more and more, says the cellist. we'll be able to attract a new generation to this music.
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it's not -- the livelihood this is given. let's hope for a future and the space for these musicians to express themselves in an otherwise difficult time for them and their country. of course it's also provided some great music. "bbc news," pakistan. >> lovely. well, that's all for this edition of g.m.t. more on our top story, the famine. that's on our website and why somalia can't cope with a long drought and explain when mass starve vacation turns into a family in. how you can donate also, go to that's all we have time for on g.m.t. stay with us on "bbc news." there's plenty more to come. from myself and the team, have a very good day.
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>> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los presented by kcet los
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